Your skin type is unique to you and is the deciding factor on how you care for your skin. Your genetics are what determines your specific skin type, but additional factors such as your surrounding environment and certain medications can also play a part in how your skin looks and feels. Taking these factors into consideration is vital when it comes to caring for your skin. Applying the wrong products can be detrimental to your skin and set you back on achieving your desired results. Once you identify your type of skin, you can successfully begin to treat your skin concerns.
Identifying Your Unique Skin Type
To accurately identify your skin type, remove all make up and thoroughly cleanse your face. Do not apply any products after as this will affect how your skin appears. Wait an hour or two as your skin returns to its natural state. Once this time is up, observe the feel and appearance of your skin and use the following information to identify your skin type.
Normal is the term used when your skin is well balanced without any major issues or concerns. If there was a skin type lottery, normal skin would be the jackpot. Your skin doesn’t produce an excessive amount of sebum, nor is it too dry. Your pores aren’t enlarged, and your only major concern is maintaining the health and wellbeing of your skin. Those who are blessed with this skin type bask in their good fortune. Those who aren’t as fortunate envy your luck.
It may be tempting to be more relaxed on your nightly routine because you don’t have any major skin concerns. We encourage you to still establish and maintain an effective nightly routine to ensure you manage the health and appearance of your skin. Regardless of the stability of your skin, you may experience influxes throughout the year based on the environment around you. This must be taken into consideration and your routine must be adapted to accommodate the changes your skin may experience as the seasons transition.
- Smooth Texture
- Even Skin Tone
- Clear Complexion
- Refined Pores
Dry skin is typically the result of outside environmental factors. If dry skin is genetic, it is more likely to attributed to medical conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, and dermatitis that can cause a dry, flakiness. External factors such as hot showers, harsh topical and oral medications, and dry winter air can all contribute to the dryness of your skin. This lack of oil results in dry, flaking skin and a general discomfort.
Mature skin is often associated with dry skin. As we age, our bodies produce less sebum. The lack of oil results in the breakdown of collagen and the formation of fine lines and wrinkles. This is why anti-aging regimens focus on humectants such as glycolic acid that are capable of penetrating the skin and rejuvenating with a boost of moisture.
- Rough, flakey patches
- Tight/Uncomfortable Feeling
- Fine lines and wrinkles
- Pores that are barely visible
Sebaceous glands attach to hair follicles and secrete an oily substance that is designed to moisturize and protect the skin. Everyone’s skin secretes sebum, but it’s when these glands become overactive that they become bothersome. The professional term for overactive sebum glands is seborrhea. Seborrhea is a condition that often leads to pores becoming clogged which results in acne in the form of pustules or papules.
Oily skin is a condition that many of us experience during our younger years and is particularly prominent in teens and young adults due to a fluctuation in hormones. Androgens are hormones that occur in both males and females. As the level of androgens increases, oil production increases as well, resulting in a glossy sheen to the skin. While oily skin can be a traumatic experience, oily skin sufferers can rejoice because a major benefit of overactive oil glands is younger looking skin.
- Excess oil causing a sheen to the skin
- Enlarged Pores
- Cystic Acne
Combination skin is used to define a skin type that experiences two or more skin concerns at once. Combination skin is typically identified by an oily t-zone accompanied by dry cheeks. You may notice large pores and experience acne on the oily parts of your face. Genetics is the leading cause of combination skin; although lifestyle can contribute to this skin condition as well. Products designed to treat acne can be harsh and drying. This can cause dry patches on your face while other areas may try to compensate for the dryness by producing more sebum, leading to combination skin.
It can be very frustrating treating this skin type because most products are designed to only treat one condition. The key is to use gentle products that aren’t too irritating and wont clog your pores. It may be a little more difficult to find the perfect routine, but once you do, your skin will thank you.
- Oily T-Zone (Forehead/Nose/Chin)
- Dry Cheeks
- Large Pores
Sensitive skin is a skin type that is very reactive. Everything from trying new products to something as simple as the weather elements can trigger your skin to have an adverse reaction. This reaction can be as simple as experiencing, dry, tight skin, to something as severe as a rash or an allergic reaction. Sensitive skin is also prone to having underlying medical conditions such as eczema, rosacea, and dermatitis.
Depending on the severity of sensitivity you experience, it is very important to take extra caution when trying out new products or switching up your skin routine. Finding and maintaining a skin care routine that is calming and reduces irritation is of utmost importance with this skin type.
- Sun Sensitivity
- Rashes and Bumps
- Redness and Irritation
Identifying your skin type is just the first step to good skin health. Once you know your skin type, creating and maintaining a daily skin routine is vital to the overall health of your skin. Even after you know your skin type, skin care products are not a one size fits all. A product that may help one person’s acne, may cause irritation in your skin. While it may not be easy discovering the perfect routine, once you do, there will be nothing but smooth skin days ahead.